Shenandoah Farms Sanitary District - Site Map

The Shenandoah Farms Sanitary District includes most of the Shenandoah Farms Subdivision and contains approximately 2,984 lots (1,090 improved and 1,894 unimproved). The subdivision, platted in phases starting circa 1960, has approximately 1,020 homes currently built or under construction.  The subdivision has been developed in phases over the years, and it is anticipated that the ultimate build-out will result in a total of 1,500-2,000 homes.

Get your site map of Shenandoah Farms Sanitary District (32mb file).

Sanitary District - Frequently Asked Questions

What is a "Sanitary District"?

A "Sanitary District" is a special taxing district allowed by the Code of Virginia. The governing body of a Sanitary District has the following powers and duties:

  • To construct, maintain and operate water supply, sewerage, garbage removal and disposal, heat, light, fire-fighting equipment, power, gas, streets, parking lots, curbs, gutters, sidewalks, community buildings, community centers and other recreational facilities for the use and benefit of the public in such sanitary districts.
  • To acquire by gift, condemnation, purchase, lease, or otherwise, and to maintain and operate such systems.
  • To levy and collect an annual tax upon all property in such sanitary district.
  • The power to abate nuisances within the district.

 How is a Sanitary District created?

The Circuit Court of any County, upon the petition of 50 qualified voters of a proposed district, or if the proposed district contains less than 100 qualified voters upon petition of fifty percent of the qualified voters of the proposed district, may make an order creating a sanitary district. The order shall create the boundaries and powers for such district. 

How would Sanitary District status affect the Board of Directors and our current fees?

The Warren County Board of Supervisors would be designated as the governing Board of the Sanitary District. The Board of Directors would submit an annual budget to the Board of Supervisors for approval. Once a subdivision is designated as a Sanitary District, the subdivision governing body could waive the annual fees currently paid to the Association.

What are the benefits of becoming a Sanitary District?

There are a number of benefits that the residents of a subdivision would receive from becoming a Sanitary District. This list of benefits includes:

  • Sanitary District status will not affect the privacy of roads, gate, pool, etc.
  • The ability to establish uniform fees throughout the entire subdivision (Some subdivisions have different covenanted rates).
  • All lots, including those owned by a developer, would be subject to Sanitary District taxes.
  • Sanitary District taxes could be collected by the Warren County Treasurer’s Office, thereby increasing the collection rate and freeing the subdivision Association from the burden of collection. Currently the County charges a fee of 4.3% for collecting the Sanitary District tax, much less than collection firms charge for collecting on delinquent accounts.
  • Sanitary District fees are treated as taxes and are therefore deductible on one’s Federal Income Tax Return.
  • For the majority of homeowners, Sanitary District taxes would be collected along with County taxes on one’s mortgage escrow throughout the year.
  • Sanitary District taxes could be set up on a tiered system to allow for a lower rate for undeveloped lots.
  • Impact fees could be required to be paid by builders prior to the issuance of a building permit.
  • Sanitary District status would make a subdivision eligible for various State and Federal disaster relief funds and allow us to acquire surplus government property.
  • The ability to raise additional revenue to make necessary improvements to the community.
  • There would no longer be a need for the Board of Directors to place liens on property as any unpaid Sanitary District taxes would be have to be paid before the sale of any property. The Association currently loses unpaid fees if there is no lien placed on individual properties.
  • Sanitary District status can provide stability for a subdivision and can likely increase property values for all property owners. It could also improve the credit status of our community.

What are the drawbacks of Sanitary District status?

  • There would be legal costs associated with petitioning the Circuit Court for Sanitary District status. These fees are estimated at $2,500-5,000.
  • In order to become a Sanitary District, court approval must be secured.
  • The Warren County Board of Supervisors must approve the annual budget and any building impact fees.

If my subdivision becomes a Sanitary District, can we dissolve it at a later date?

The Code of Virginia contains provisions to abolish the Sanitary District at any time by order of the Circuit Court.

How many Sanitary Districts are there in Warren County?

Currently there are 13 sanitary districts in Warren County. They include:

  • Blue Mountain
  • Cedarville Heights
  • High Knob
  • Lake Front Royal
  • Linden Heights
  • Osprey Lane
  • Riverside
  • Shangri-La
  • Shenandoah Farms
  • Shenandoah Shores
  • Skyland Estates
  • South River Estates
  • Wildcat Drive

CLICK HERE to view a map showing the location of the twelve sanitary districts in Warren County.

What are the rates of these Sanitary Districts?

Please remember that Real Estate Taxes are not to be confused with Sanitary District Taxes. These are two separate bills with different tax rates and amounts due. Failure to pay Sanitary District Taxes will result in a tax lien against the property. Sanitary District bills are combined with your regular Real Estate bills to prevent confusion and save postage.  To view the current rate for each of the districts please visit  

How do we get started?

The residents of the subdivision must circulate a petition for the creation of a Sanitary District. Interested registered voters who reside in the subdivision should sign the petition. Once you have enough signatures, you must work with your attorney to draft the necessary paperwork to file the petition for the creation of the Sanitary District.

Shenandoah Farms Sanitary District


A Letter from Douglas Stanley - Warren County Administrator

In 2009, the Property Owners’ of Shenandoah Farms (POSF), Inc. Board of Directors requested that the County consider taking over the operations of the Sanitary District.  As with the other seven County sanitary districts, POSF was under contract with the County to maintain the roads and common properties.  POSF Board would make a budget and tax rate recommendation to the Board of Supervisors; the Board of Supervisors then sets the tax rate and approves the budget. 

Shenandoah Farms Sanitary District - Frequently Asked Questions

How do I get in touch with the Sanitary District Manager?

Warren County is in the process of filling the Sanitary District Manager position.  In order to continue providing the best service to the residents of Shenandoah Farms, we ask that all inquries or concerns be directed to Deputy County Administrator Robert Childress at (540) 636-4600 or  In case of an emergency, call the Warren County Sheriff’s Office at (540) 635-4128. 

What is the Sanitary District Manager responsible for?

Warren County has a contract with the POSF to manage the maintenance and construction on the Sanitary District Road and Drainage system and related rights of way in the Warren County portion of Shenandoah Farms. In addition to the roads the County will maintain the dams at the Lake of the Clouds and Spring Lake.  The Sanitary District Manager's responsibilities include but are not limited to:

  • Developing and setting up contracts for work that needs to be performed on the road system such as road maintenance, snow removal, survey contracts etc. Also developing bid packets and meeting with potential bidders to answer questions and concerns.
  • Determining the maintenance needs by developing maps and lists of roads that need attention so contractors have a clearly mapped out plan of action when they arrive. Due to the fact contracts are based on hourly rates it is critical to keep things moving and cut down on wasted time.
  • Inspecting and monitoring the work of contractors for efficiency and quality of work.
  • Developing annual budgets based on need, paying bills and developing and maintaining spreadsheets to track expenditures by type of expense and by road.
  • Respond to resident requests and concerns by email, phone or personal visit. Keeping residents and county officials informed of operations through notifications on the website, emails, and reports to the Warren County Board of Supervisors and the POSF.
  • Monitor the dams at Lake of the Clouds and Spring Lake; perform periodic inspections per the requirements of the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR).
  • Research products, develop accounts with suppliers and schedule deliveries of needed materials.
  • Performing minor road maintenance operations in the field and working with contractors when help is needed.
  • Performing snow removal operations with county equipment while working with and monitoring the work of contract snow removal. Spreading abrasive stone on icy portions of the roadway.
  • Maintaining of county tools and equipment.
  • Driving roads, monitoring damage and scheduling needed repairs during and after inclement weather events such as flooding, or snow and Ice.

Where can I find out what is going on with the roads? 

There are several ways you can stay informed. On the Warren County website there is a page for the Sanitary District located under the “Government” menu at the top of the website under the "Public Works" department. There will be information posted on this page as well as under notices/comments section. Emails will also be sent to those who have shared their email address with me.

What can be done about the dust?

With the drier weather that comes in the summer and fall, dust on the roads in the farms is an issue for many of the residents. We have researched options for dust control. The only practical method is through the application of liquid or flake calcium chloride. This is a chemical that absorbs moisture from the air and bonds it to the road. This is what VDOT uses in some locations on their roads. The cost however is more than the Sanitary District budget will allow; another disadvantage is that it also works hold moisture through the winter too, causing soft muddy roads. We have also heard concerns from residents about the use of chemicals on the roads due to the density and proximity of wells to the roads and possible groundwater contamination.

What causes the washboard roads?

The following two reasons are the most common lack of moisture -- Washboard roads are particularly prevalent when weather conditions are dry. Frequent rainfall reduces the chances of wash boarding. Traffic/Speed -- Hard acceleration or braking can accelerate wash boarding, and that helps explain why you'll see it frequently at intersections, before and after sharp curves, and on hills.

What can I expect when it snows?

The Shenandoah Farms road system has been divided into 5 snow removal routes. A combination of County equipment and contract equipment will be utilized to remove snow and treat icy spots with abrasive materials. Salt cannot be used on gravel/dirt roads due to the fact it retains moisture and causes the roads to get soft and muddy.

Can speed limits be posted?

15 MPH advisory speed limit signs have been placed throughout the Sanitary District by the POSF. This is not an enforceable speed limit. The only way to legally post enforceable speed limits is to conduct individual traffic engineering studies of each section of roadway.  At this point, money is much better spent addressing the infrastructure needs of the road system.  If reckless driving is observed it is advisable to contact the Warren County Sheriff’s Office at (540) 635-4128.

Can more signs be put up in Shenandoah Farms?

Road signs that mark the road names at intersections are the responsibility of Warren County not only in Shenandoah Farms but throughout the County. If you notice road signs down or missing please contact the County Administrator’s Office at (540) 636-4600 or the Sanitary District Manager and it can be passed along. Part of the road and drainage study will be to determine the need and location of regulatory road signs such as stop and yield signs.

When will my road be tar and chipped or paved?

The Road and Drainage Engineering study will determine the ultimate design of all of the roads in the Sanitary District. For many roads that design will be for a paved road. There will have to be a good bit of preparation to the roads prior to paving; proper drainage (pipes and ditches), excavation and widening, and the construction of a proper road base will have to be in place first. To just tar and chip over an existing road will create future maintenance problems and costs when they deteriorate because they don’t have good drainage or a good base. Drummer Hill Road and Mountain Lake Drive will both need costly repairs due to deteriorated tar and chip. With the high cost of oil, asphalt (tar) also goes up, that makes it more critical to get it right the first time. It will take time and money to get to the point where roads are ready for pavement but the road and drainage study will provide a blueprint for this work. Expect drainage improvements (new pipes, ditches etc.) to be some of the first improvements you will see. 

How do I report a tree issue or other road concern in the District?

If you are having an issue with a downed tree or other type of road concern in your sanitary district you can contact us using the information below:

During Normal Business Hours: Contact Shenandoah Farms Sanitary District staff at (540) 636-3783 or send an email to Robert Childress.  You may also contact the Property Owners of Shenandoah Farms Office at (540) 837-2068.

During Non-Business Hours and Holidays: Contact the Warren County Sheriff's Office non-emergency line at (540) 635-4128. Please remember to report the Sanitary District in which you reside.

If there is Emergency Response Needed: Dial 911


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